Volume 3, Issue 2, December 2019, Page: 23-29
Health and Safety Improvement Amongst Ghanaian Communities as A Corporate Social Responsibility of Construction Companies
Williams Justice, Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Fugar Frank, Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Adinyira Emmanuel, Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Received: Apr. 16, 2019;       Accepted: May 21, 2019;       Published: Nov. 11, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20190302.11      View  32      Downloads  15
Abstract
Purpose–The purpose of this paper is to juxtapose construction site hazards with hazards present in typical Ghanaian communities to engender some safety knowledge transfer from construction companies to project host communities as a corporate social responsibility to the construction companies. Design/Methodology/Approach–Fifty-one volunteers who are health and safety professionals in Ghana part took in the survey to determine the common health and safety hazards present in most Ghanaian communities. The identified hazards were compared to typical construction site health and safety hazards identified from the literature. The survey also sought to establish the general health and safety awareness levels among Ghanaian communities. Findings – Findings of the study reveal that H&S awareness in the Ghanaian community is poor, and therefore needs improvement. It also identified 26 construction hazards that are also common in the Ghanaian communities and established that H&S knowledge in the Ghanaian construction industry is more advanced than that of the Ghanaian community. The findings further reveal that the respondent’s perception of poor health and safety in the Ghanaian community was influence by their job positions in the communities. Originality/Value–The poor state of H&S knowledge among Ghanaian communities has been recognized by various researchers, but this study is the first attempt to compare this state with the construction industry and to present a wide-ranging lesson to be learnt from health and safety improvement in the construction industry.
Keywords
Health and Safety, Hazards, Ghanaian Construction Industry, Safety Performance
To cite this article
Williams Justice, Fugar Frank, Adinyira Emmanuel, Health and Safety Improvement Amongst Ghanaian Communities as A Corporate Social Responsibility of Construction Companies, American Journal of Construction and Building Materials. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2019, pp. 23-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20190302.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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