Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2018, Page: 22-28
Study of the Homogeneity of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite by Using Neutron Radiography Technique
Shahajan Miah, Department of EEE, Bangladesh University of Business & Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Helal Miah, Department of Physics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science & Technology University, Gopalganj, Bangladesh
Md. Sanwar Hossain, Department of EEE, Bangladesh University of Business & Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. H. Ahsan, Department of Physics, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Received: Aug. 6, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 27, 2018;       Published: Oct. 30, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20180202.11      View  612      Downloads  97
Abstract
Direct film neutron radiography (NR) technique has been used to study internal defects and homogeneity of glass fiber reinforced polymer composite. In this study, neutron radiography (NR) technique is used to detect any spot or cracks in any sample because if we find any cracks or defect in the sample by NR, it means that the sample is not homogeneous and the materials are not perfectly distributed. Tangential Neutron Radiography Facility of 3MW TRIGA Mark-II research reactor has been utilized in the study. A series of neutron radiography images were taken to determine the optimum exposure time of the sample. In this experiment, the optimal exposure time is estimated at 40 min and from radiographic images of the sample; we see that there were no spots found in the sample. By measuring the optical density of any sample we detect the homogeneity of this sample. Optical density values of different reference positions of the sample have been found to be unchanged and Optical density values of the central positions of the sample and the reference positions have also been found to be same. These prove that associated solutions of glass fiber-reinforced polymer composite are not diffused and distributed uniformly. From the observation of neutron radiographic images of the sample at optimum exposure time and optical density of the sample at a different position, it revealed that the glass fiber-reinforced polymer composite is uniformly distributed and no voids, defects, and cracks could be found in the composite observed in the radiograph. Thus the elemental distributions of the composite are found to be almost homogeneous. So, the fabrication of the glass fiber-reinforced polymer composite is perfect.
Keywords
Neutron Radiography, Optical Density, Homogeneity, Internal Structure, Defect
To cite this article
Shahajan Miah, Md. Helal Miah, Md. Sanwar Hossain, M. H. Ahsan, Study of the Homogeneity of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite by Using Neutron Radiography Technique, American Journal of Construction and Building Materials. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2018, pp. 22-28. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20180202.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
H. Berger, “Neutron Radiography”, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1965), H. Berger ANL-6846, (1964).
[2]
S. Koerner, E. Lehmann, and P. Vontobel, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 454, pp.158-164, (2000).
[3]
N. Takenaka, T. Fujii, A. Ono, Y. Motomura, A. Turuno, Fusion Engineering and Design 27, 607, (1995).
[4]
M. N Islam, M. K. Alam, M. A. Zaman, M. H. Ahsan, and N. I. Molla, Application of neutron radiography to building industries. Indian Journal of Physics. 38, pp. 348-354 (2000).
[5]
Peterka, F., H. Bock, and H. Pleinert, Neutron radiography standard testing method for the moisture analysis in building materials. Neutron Radiography (4), Gordon and Breach Scientific Publishers, New York, pp. 75-86 (1994).
[6]
M. M. Ahasan, M. K. Alam, M. H. Ahsan, and M. A. Zaman, A neutron radiographic study of some industrial products using the facility of AERE, Savar. Jahangirnagar University Journal of Science, 20, pp. 151-160 (1996).
[7]
M. N Islam, M. A. Saklayen, M. K. Alam, S. M. A. Islam, M. A. Zaman, and M. H. Ahsan, Study of corrosion in Aluminium using neutron radiographic technique. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics. 38, pp. 670-674 (2000).
[8]
M. A. Rahman, J Podder, and I. Kamal, Neutron radiography(3), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 179-187 (1990).
[9]
M. H. Ahsan, M. N. Islam, and M. K. Alam, Installation, and determination of useful parameters of Bangladesh neutron radiography facility, Proc. of the 2nd Int. Topical Meeting on NR System Design and Characterization, Shonan Village Centre/Rikkyo University, Japan, November 12-18, pp. 30-37 (1995).
[10]
A. K. M. Azad Rahman, A. K. M. Saiful Islam Bhuiyan, M. H. Ahsan, M. K. Alam, and M. N. Islam, A study of defects and water absorption behavior in Jute/Cordenka reinforced polypropylene hybrid composites by using neutron radiography, SUST Studies. 8(2), pp-10-15 (2007).
[11]
Shahajan Miah, Md. HafijurRahaman, Sudipta Saha, Md. Abu Taher Khan, Md. Aminul Islam, Md. Nurul Islam, Md. Khurshed Alam and M. Habibul Ahsan, "Study of the Internal Structure of Electronic Components RAM DDR-2 and Motherboard of Nokia-3120 by Using Neutron Radiography Technique", International Journal of Modern Engineering research, (www.ijmer.com), Vol. 3, Issue. 6, pp. 3429-3432, ISSN: 2249-6645 (2013).
[12]
Khurshed Alam, RobiulIslam, Sudipta Saha, Nurul Islam, Syed Azharul Islam, “Quality Study of Automated Machine Made Environmentally Friendly Brick (KAB) Sample Using Film Neutron Radiography Technique”, Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, Vol. 1, No. 4pp. 141-152 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jbcpr.2013.14015.
[13]
L. Mbumbia, A. M. Wilmars and J. Tirlocq, “Performance Characteristics of Lateritic Soil Bricks Fired at Low Temperatures: A Case Study of Cameroon,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 121- 131 (2000). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0950-0618(00)00024-6.
[14]
C. Renfrew and P. Bahn, “Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice,” Thames and Hudson, New York (1996).
[15]
P. Rice, “Pottery Analysis: A Sourcebook,” University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1987).
[16]
S. Prasertsan and T. Theppaya, “A Study toward Energy Saving in Brick Making: Part 1-Key Parameters for Energy Saving,” International Energy Journal, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 145-156 (1995).
[17]
“Manufacturing, Classification, and Selection of Brick, Manufacturing Part I,” Brick Industry Association, Reston, (1986).
[18]
S. L. Marrusin, “Interrior Fissures and Microstructure of Shale Brick,” American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 64, No. 5, pp. 674-678 (1985). (Turkish Standards Institutions, Ankara, 1979).
[19]
Barbara Michalak, Heino SommerDavid Mannes, Anders Kaestner, Torsten Brezesinski and Jürgen Janek, “Gas Evolution in Operating Lithium-Ion Batteries Studied In Situ by Neutron Imagong, Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Article number: 15627 (2015).
[20]
S. Gholizadeh, A review of non-destructive testing methods of composite materials, XV Portuguese Conference on Fracture, PCF 2016, pp. 10-12, Paço de Arcos, Portugalging”, Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Article number: 15627 (2016).
[21]
S. Zheng, J. Vanderstelt, J. R McDermid, and J. R Kish, “Non-destructive investigation of aluminum alloy hemmed joints using neutron radiography and X-ray computed tomography” NDT & E International, Elsevier publisher, Vol. 91, pp. 32-35(2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ndteint.2017.06.004.
[22]
Mehdi Khanzadeh Moradllo, Luca Montanari, Prannoy Suraneni, Steven R. Reese, Jason Weiss, “Examining Curing Efficiency using Neutron Radiography”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research, SAG Publisher, May 14, (2018). https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0361198118773571.
[23]
J. P. Barton, “Constant Sensitivity in Neutron Radiography”, Applied. Material. Research, 2 (4), pp.90 (1956).
[24]
M. M. Rahman, S. Saha, M. N. Islam, M. K. Alam, A. K. M. A. Rahman and S. M. Azharul Islam, “A Study of the Morphological Change in Plant Pod by Using Neutron Radiography Technique,” Journal of African Review of Physics, Vol. 8, pp. 239-242 (2013).
[25]
M. A. Rahman, J. Podder, and I. Kamal, “Neutron Radiography Facility in Bangladesh Research Reactor,” Proceedings of the 3rd World Conference on Neutron Radiography (NR), Osaka, 14-18, pp. 179-185 (1989).
[26]
M. N. Islam, M. M. Rahman, M. H. Ahsan, A. S. Mollah, M. M. Ahasan and M. A. Zaman, “A Study of Neutron Radiography Parameters at the Tangential Beamport of the 3 MW TRIGA Research Reactor of AERE, Savar,” Jahangirnagar University Journal of Science, Vol. 19, pp. 181-187 (1995).
Browse journals by subject